Nailing the work-life balance: is the French work ethic the best in the world?

Nice - MyFrenchLife - Nailing the work-life balance: is the French work ethic the best in the world?There is a snooty feeling that many outside of France share: that the French are a lazy bunch, and as their many well-publicised manifs supposedly show, opposed to a little good old-fashioned toil and elbow grease. 

I’m going to swim against this powerful tide of popular opinion, and argue that this is in fact far from the truth.

However, I’m a little embarrassed to admit that I once shared in the aforementioned feeling myself – the number of shops closed in Paris in August astonished me. When I mistakenly attempted to laugh at this with my (French) boyfriend, he responded with: “Do we not…” – and his lips seemed to curl with disdain around the shape of ‘not’ – “have the right to vacations?”

And there’s no doubt that they do. En fait, as I was to find out, not only is a little time in the South of France good for R&R to find that enigmatic joie de vivre which the French so adore, but it is beneficial for both the workers and the employers of France in terms of efficiency.

So why exactly are we all still laughing at the French work ethic?

France: a land of a different kind of opportunity

I have had two separate French teachers on two separate occasions impress upon us the importance of faire la grève and ‘une manifestation’ in French culture. Such terms are central to both French vocabulary and sense of identity.

MyFrenchLife™ - French work ethic - work-life balance - strike

In May and June of 1936, more than a million workers went on strike. A risky move, oui, but it certainly paid off. French workers now have the right to take at least 31 days off per year, and under the Matignon agreements (a direct result of the strike action) the workers were given the legal right to strike and all obstacles to unions were removed.

France still continues to progress in this regard. Many employers’ federations and unions have recently signed a contract that ensures that French employees cannot continue to look at work-related material on their computers or smartphones after work hours. Which should mean no more sleeping with an iPhone tucked under the pillow like a security blanket, waiting for the slightest buzz.

French work ethics don’t translate à l’étranger

Where les Francais are proud of their hard-won rights to downtime, it seems that many other cultures take pride in a different sort of work ethic. It’s one where la joie de vivre has been replaced by a sense of pride in saying: “I’m too busy” – code for “I have an important job”.

MyFrenchLife™ - French work ethic - relaxing timeThe work-life balance seesaws between different countries. For many in the U.S, the balance seems to fall heavily on the side of work, with a presiding belief that work is an inherently noble pursuit. It appears that many view work as their driving force in life, which helps to explain why a 2010 survey indicated that the average American uses only 16 vacation days a year – a sorry figure beside the generous French figure of 31 days per year.

In Australia, a country supposedly full of sun-soaked, surf-loving individuals, the situation is no different. Our Editor-at-large, Hannah Duke, had experiences to share about the expectation and pressure placed on Australian workers by their employers. She noted that “in turn this creates the feeling within the person that they need to work extra. No one feels safe saying ‘No- I need to stop'”.

En fait, so deeply entrenched has this working culture become that the Australian government has funded an advertising campaign urging workers to leave the office and hit the beach for a much-needed break. In an effort to push the balance in the other direction, Tourism Australia launched the ‘No Leave, No Life’ campaign in 2009.

So what are the effects?

C’est evident from a logistical point of view that working overly long hours without sufficient winding down time isn’t good for us in terms of health or enjoyment – on n’est pas des robots! But it will interest the employers out there to know that in fact, working more does not equate to greater efficiency.

Nailing the work-life balance: is the French work ethic the best in the world?

C’est vrai, the French work fewer hours than their counterparts in other OECDs – 16% fewer hours to be precise – and 25% fewer hours than the industrialised Asian nations. Pourtant, that’s not to say that they don’t get the work done. A study from 2009 showed that the French produced $25 per hour per head, whereas the Americans fell short (if only by a tad), producing $24.60 per hour per head.

The French secret to efficiency

It appears that the French, far from being un peuple paresseux – fond of wine-swilling, cigarette smoking and long lunches – have found the key to maintaining productivity levels: not working too hard. And there’s even some science to back it up.

“Work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion”

‘More, bigger, faster’ was the slogan of the Industrial Revolution, and it has crept into our working habits, pushing many of us to believe that this is the only way to get things done. However, it’s based on the entirely misguided assumption that both energy and time are infinite, when even a basic grasp of simple physics shows that this is not the case.

There is good news though: luckily energy is renewable, and this is where August vacations and switching phones off outside work come in. Time-off is essential in order to build this precious energy back up.

La belle vie en France

Le secret, du coup, is in not pushing ourselves too hard. In his humorous essay on ’Parkinson’s Law’, Cyril Northcote Parkinson explains why working long hours isn’t the answer to creating sky-high productivity levels. Simply put, his law states that “work expands so as to fill the time available for its completion”. In other words: if you think staying until 10pm reflects on how important, busy, necessary, dedicated (etc. etc.) you are, you will stay until that time, but you won’t get more done. The work you have to do will simply take longer, so as to fill this time.

La belle vie - MyFrenchLife™ - Nice - Nailing the work-life balance: is the French work ethic the best in the world?

As someone starting out on my own career path, I know which part of the world I would rather settle in. Personally, I’m much too fond of la belle vieafter work drinks, long lunches, time in the South – to try burning the candle from both ends. Hopefully, my future employers will follow the French way of thinking (and they should, science does back it up after all!) and realise that this will make me an immeasurably better employee, rather than a lazy one.

Do you think we could learn a thing or two from the French work ethic? What’s your work-life balance like? Share your experiences and opinions in the comments below.

Image Credits:
1 & 5. © Hannah Duke. 

2. Manifestation 12 octobre 2010 Orléans, by Docteur Cosmos, via Wikipedia.
3 & 4. Via Unsplash.

About the Contributor

Jill Craig

I'm currently a university student in Glasgow, studying a Masters degree in English Literature and French. Soon I’ll be moving to la ville lumière where I’ll become a Paris-based intern! You can find me on Google+ and Twitter.

Share This Story, Choose Your Platform!


  1. Ellen Burns Oct 24, 2014 at 10:46 AM - Reply

    At the moment I work at a job where we get a half hour unpaid break for a full day’s work. I just don’t think this is enough! It basically gives me enough time to eat my lunch (d’accord, I am a slow eater) and as soon as I swallow the last bite it’s time to get back to work.

    I work hard, and I find myself filling whatever hours I have in the day with various jobs, ventures, activities, and social events. I’m not the type of person that finds taking a break easy, but I think this definitely has to do with the type of society I live in (in Australia) and the expectations that are placed on us to always be working and achieving. I definitely agree with Hannah when she says most of the time, you feel like you can’t say ‘no’. I basically only take sick leave when I’m unable to drive safely!

    I think it’s true that, over time, this makes me less productive when I find myself burnt out, tired, and unable to concentrate.

    • Jill Craig Oct 25, 2014 at 12:51 AM - Reply

      I made the same mistake last year Ellen – I was just burnt out by the end of the University year, and wasn’t efficient or productive at all. I was exhausted.

      I’m really focusing on getting the balance right now – and it’s clichéd, but it really makes such a difference! The work that I do is much better quality, and I can focus so much more. But getting the balance right is so difficult at times…

      • Jacqueline Dubois Pasquier Oct 25, 2014 at 7:52 PM - Reply

        French workers experience burn-out the same way most workers of the western world do. The 35-weekly working- hours apply to the vast majority of those who don’t have direct responsibility or high wages, and could be easily exploited (interns, artisans, clerks, factory workers, waiters, etc.). The socialists implemented such a law, that was highly criticized by the Right, which, however,never removed it when Nicolas Sarkozy was President. Like their European counterparts, French civil servants, engineers, managers often work 12 hours a day, 5 days a week and more and they don’t count. But it is true that the yearly 5 weeks’ leave, compared to the American 2 weeks’ may be seen as ‘laziness’ when (and I agree, Jill, with your point of view), it is, in the long run, synonym with better efficiency and happiness at work! After all, we only live once!

        • Jill Craig Oct 27, 2014 at 6:32 PM - Reply

          I wonder how different the situation is in Paris to the rest of France Jacqueline. (Capital city mentality). Certainly the parents of the children I babysat for worked until 8/9/10. Although that said, they often left work really early on Fridays to go to their house in Bordeaux for the weekend (maybe they were getting the balance right in this case!). I asked the grandmother if they always worked so late, and she said that this was much more common in Paris.

  2. Vincent Nov 21, 2021 at 6:09 AM - Reply

    Just two mistakes to note : “on n’est pas des robinets” should “on n’est pas des robots” (robinets is a whole different thing). “La secrete” should also be “le secret”

    • Judy MacMahon Nov 22, 2021 at 8:43 AM - Reply

      Merci Vincent – Judy MacMahon (editor/publisher) responding on behalf of Jill

Leave A Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.